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WIKIPEDIA Assignment

Page history last edited by Fort Paclarin 12 years, 4 months ago

 

Consequentialism - Based on what I understand from the definition of consequentialism in Wikipedia,it is about someone being judge based on the consequences of his/her conduct. The consequences of someone's conduct will define if his/her conduct is right or wrong. According to the article, from the consequentialism point of view; it says that morally right act will result into a good outcome or consequences.

 

Contractaranism - Based on Wikipedia and what I understand, Contractaranism is also called as Social Contract that binds the relationship between individuals and their government. This Social Contract is a mutual agreement that abides common laws as well as protecting themselves and one another from harm.

 

Culture Critique - This is somehow a way that enhances the ability of a group of individual to out-compete with another group for resources.

 

Deontological Ethics -Based on what I understand from Wikipedia Article of Deontological Ethics, the morality of a conduct is based on the rules that individual follows. From the perspective of Deontologist, they believed that rules "bind you to your duties".

 

Discourse Ethics - this is also known as argumentation ethics which refers to a type of argument that attempts in establishing norms through examine the presupposition of discourse.  

 

Divine Command  - this has something to do with the ethical sentences that expresses propositions. Also, they believed that this ethical sentences are sometimes true about the attitude of God.

 

Egoism - also known as Egotism, this is like seeing one self in a societal settings that has the drive in maintaining and enhancing favorable views of oneself. Individual possessing this kind of attitude likes and love of talking themselves as if they're the center of everything and no one else beside them.  

 

Hedonism -  another philosophy that argues that Pleasure is the only intrinsic good. This means that no matter what happen as long as individual that has this way of thinking believes and always wanted to experience pleasure than any other feelings or emotions.

 

Naturalism  - this says that ethical sentences can express propositions which believed as true by objective features of the world. But it also claims that some moral features can be reduced due to some non-moral features of a conduct. 

 

Particularism - this philosophy states that there is no moral principles and moral judgement can be looked at once that the individual decides for a particular cases, either if its real or imagined. People that already made their decision should be respected as well as for them whatever action they choose to decide.

 

Perfectionism - individual that possesses this kind of thinking doesn't necessary believed that they can live a perfect life but instead they obtain living a life in best possible way on how to live life and/or state of living. 

 

Pragmatism - the link between theory and practice, this separates and describes the process of how theory extracted from practice and later on applying practice to the theory. 

 

Rationalism - According on what I understand, rationalism has to do with appealing the reason as a source of knowledge or justification.  

 

Relativism - presents that there's no absolute truth or validity, and shows that principles and ethics are applicable in limited context only.

 

Subjectivism - a philosophy that believes that the fundamental of all measure and law are based on subjective experience. The existence of something is solely based if someone knows that it exists. 

 

Virtue Ethics - this describes a moral basis of ethical behavior over any other rules and/or judgements. 

 

Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consequentialism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contractarianism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Culture_of_Critique_series

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deontological_Ethics

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discourse_Ethics

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divine_command

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egotism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hedonism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethical_naturalism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epistemological_particularism http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_particularism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfectionism_%28philosophy%29

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pragmatism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rationalism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relativism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subjectivism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtue_ethics

 

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